The history of diamonds is like an endless volume of poetry, full of romance legends, epic stories and bizarre adventures. Each piece is filled with human passion for this gem for thousands of years.
Such as the ‘Mountain of Light’ giant diamond (Koh-i-Noor). According to legend, the diamond was found more than 5,000 years ago on the riverbed of the Godavaririver in central India, where the legendary Golconda mine is located. The ‘Bright Mountain’ giant diamond was first seen in historical books in the 16th-century biographer of the Mughal conqueror Babur, Bâbur Nâmâ. Since then, the diamond has been treasured by successive Mughal emperors, Kings of Persia, Kings of Afghanistan, Kings of the Sikh Kingdom of India, and the British East India Company, and is now shining brightly on the crown of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
Another example is the ‘Regent’ diamond, which was stolen from the Gorkanda mine by a slave serving in India around 1700 and handed over to a businessman in exchange for personal freedom. The latter sold the diamond to Thomas Pitt, governor of Madras. In 1717, the diamond was acquired by Philipped’Orléans, Duke of Orleans, the French regent, and was set in the coronation crown of Louis XIV, and later became the sabre decoration of Emperor Napoleon. crown. ‘Regent King’ is still the top diamond inlaid on the crown of the French king.
There are also ‘Orlov’ diamonds, also from the Gorkanda mine. They were stolen from the Mysore temple by a French deserter in the middle of the 18th century. Climbed and was eventually sold to Prince Orlov, a lover abandoned by Catherine the Great, Catherine II. He dedicated the 189.62-carat legendary diamond to the Empress, who wanted to win back her heart, but in vain. The ‘Olov’ diamond has remained on the Tsar’s scepter since then, and is now stored in the Kremlin Diamond Foundation.
Of all the miracles of nature, only the gemstone, the diamond, has played such a prominent role in various adventures and love legends. Each diamond tells an exciting story. Since ancient times, this gem has been fascinated by its beauty, purity and hardness. Humans have worn diamonds as jewelry for almost 2,000 years.
Symbol of love
However, behind the birth of diamonds, there is a story that is beautiful and charming. Diamonds are bred in the depths of the earth and are highly stable in form. They are almost entirely composed of carbon crystals. Under high temperatures above 900 and pressures equivalent to more than 45,000 atmospheres, diamonds form crystals 150 kilometers below the surface. Then, it came to the surface of the earth through some kind of natural uplifting activity, which is a kind of magma called Kimberley rock.
Diamond’s magic comes in part from its ability to capture light and refract rainbow colors.
Above all, diamonds are a symbol of power and have always been the emperor’s pet: in France, Saint Louis had banned women and civilians from owning diamonds. However, the monarch himself could not resist giving these gems to his lover. Soon women became the main wearers of diamonds. This gem also became a symbol of eternity and love.
Colorless diamonds are indeed extremely pure. However, diamonds can come in a variety of colors. Yellow diamonds come from nitrogen, while blue diamonds contain boron. However, we still do not know why some diamonds appear pink, red or purple. Whatever the reason, colored diamonds are extremely rare and extremely expensive.
Diamonds have a Mohs hardness index of 10 (120 times harder than rubies and sapphires with an index of 9) and are the hardest natural stones in nature. The diamond ‘diamond’ in English comes from the ancient Greek ‘adamas’, which means ‘untamed power’, referring to this special quality of diamond. The ultra-high hardness makes diamonds excellent in scratch resistance and abrasion resistance, and gloss that surpasses all other gemstones. Only diamonds can scratch diamonds. Therefore, each diamond must be stored separately.
Every diamond is unique. The value of a diamond can be judged by four criteria, which are the so-called ‘4C’ criteria: Colour, Clarity, Cut, and Carat.
Color: The color of a colorless diamond can be measured by the relative thinness of the color.
Clarity: The clarity of a diamond is measured by the presence and appearance of flaws and inclusions. Clarity ratings are based on the overall appearance of a diamond magnified tenfold. High clarity diamonds with few flaws or inclusions are extremely rare.
Cutting: Cutting rough diamond crystals into diamonds can increase the beauty of the diamond and determine its fire, flicker and brightness. The cut depends entirely on the talent and expertise of the diamond cutter.
Carat: Carat is a unit of weight for measuring diamonds and precious stones.
Diamonds are 100% carbon crystals with a few impurities such as nitrogen, boron or hydrogen. These impurities can be detected by far infrared absorption spectrum. This method can distinguish different types of diamonds. Ia and Ib diamonds contain nitrogen, IIa diamonds contain no impurities, and IIb diamonds contain boron. IIa diamonds account for only 1% of natural diamonds and have the purest chemical structure, with extremely high clarity and color grades. Cartier is committed to collecting this diamond and using it in dazzling jewellery.
At the end of the 19th century, Louis Cartier deliberately studied the best ways to enhance the brightness and beauty of diamonds. He found the answer from platinum and seed inlays. This new method allowed him to develop a superb knowledge of diamonds, knowing a wide range of different sizes, possible flaws and desired qualities: thus becoming the world’s top diamond expert. Since then, Cartier’s history has been full of top diamonds. At the time, the top merchants and diamond cutters left him with his most special diamonds. Any important diamond trade must be attended by Cartier. Not only that, the jeweler from Heping Street will also actively participate in it. Global dignitaries soon realized that Cartier can find the most magic diamonds in the market, whether it is Paris, London or New York Cartier, have unique experience. Cartier has established a trusted relationship with suppliers and customers to ensure that it serves as a continuous flow of top diamonds. Over the past century, legendary diamonds flowing through Cartier’s hands can be described as starry, from ‘Southern Star’ to ‘Tiger Tears’, from ‘Hope’ to ‘Queen of the Netherlands’, from ‘Pear of India’ to ‘Cartier-Po Dunton-Taylor ‘… Diamond is Cartier’s best friend!